The I4.0 Components approach is, in fact, a software-based revolution. Jeremy Rifkin uses the "firewall metaphor" to show us how the cyber world (the world of computing and networks) anticipates new phenomena that will happen in the real world sooner or later. Zero Marginal Cost replication make this possible.

The Internet of Things (IoT) can connect everything, such as models, software, devices or Embedded Systems, that pave the way to mix physical with virtual objects to create Cyber-Physical Systems, and fuel the creation of digital shadows. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, or Industry 4.0, is interdisciplinary and holistic.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing microworlds ("digital model of a subset of reality to exercise powerful ideas or intellectual abilities") interactivity, which are vital Low-Code tools for understanding and loving technology. Generative AI is a fantastic tool for breaking barriers and closing gaps to help us to understand, use and build 4.0 systems.

Simulation and Digital Twins (DT) suit transversal mechanical, electrical, and other fields solutions. DTs have two faces, one based on its produced data (Digital Shadow) and the other based on models and equations (Digital Master). Reference Architectures such as RAMI 4.0 (OT) and IIRA (IT) harmonization is an example of IT/OT convergence.

Don't hesitate to contact us if you or your organization want to improve your strategic, operational, or informational vision of industrial Digital Transformation by applying microworlds.